Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd – Case Study

Burmah Oil Refineries Ltd. was incorporated in 1952 as a joint venture between Burmah Oil Company, UK and Shell Petroleum Company by an agreement with the Indian Government to set up a refinery at Mahul in Mumbai, which went on stream in 1957. In 1976 the Indian Government nationalized the petroleum industry and acquired 100% equity in Burmah Oil Refineries and named it Bharat Refineries Ltd. The name was later changed to Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (BPCL) in 1977.

BPCL was an integrated refining and marketing company. It markets a diverse range of products from petrochemicals, solvents, specialty lubricants, aviation fuel and LPG. The Mahul refinery had a capacity of 6 million tons per annum and it operated at 127% of the capacity in the year ending March 2000. It also had an installed capacity of 98000 MT of benzene, 17600 MT of Toluene, 90000 MT of lubricants and 10950 MT of sulphur. It was the first Indian industrial unit to obtain ISO 9002 and ISO 14001 certification and the only Indian Refinery (and one of the 34 refineries worldwide) to achieve a Level 7 on the International Safety Rating System (ISRS).

Author: Jeyavelu, S.

Source: Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode

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