Conflicts and governance over local waters: A case-study in Kiru Valley, Tanzania

The supply of water is diminishing across the globe and we are struggling with an international water crisis. This water crisis, however, isn’t just a result of decreasing waters or population increase; additionally it is due to inadequate water governance. The problem to cooperate over borders and among various stakeholders and interests are definitely the key obstacle to prevent clashes over water at an international, national and local level. In This report on Kiru Valley, Tanzania, the key concern is that the downstream situated Mapea village is adversely impacted by upstream actions of the IFAD (International Fund for Agricultural Development) irrigation scheme and big-scale farmers with Indian ethnics. Throughout dry season you will find no water left in the Dudumera River for the farmers in Mapea, with implications like shift in cultivated crops and reduced income…

Contents: Conflicts and governance over local waters: A case-study in Kiru Valley, Tanzania

1. Introduction
1.1 Issue at hand
1.2 Aim of the study & study questions
1.3 Methodology
2. Background
2.1 Water as a human right
2.2 Environmental security
3. Theory
3.1 Tragedy of the Commons
3.2 Elinor Ostrom’s eight principles
3.3 The role of inequality on collective action
4. Case study in Kiru Valley, Tanzania
4.1 Area description
4.2 Case study results
4.2.1 The regulations of water
4.2.2 The IFAD irrigation scheme
4.2.3 Upstream big-scale farmers
4.2.4 Downstream small-scale farmers in Mapea
5. Analysis
5.1 Elinor Ostrom’s eight principles…

Source: Sodertorn University

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