Effective Communication for Strategic Sustainable Development Education: The Hook and Ladder Technique

In order to reach sustainability, a greater capacity to facilitate the implementation of the principles on which sustainability is founded is required. Effective methods of communicating sustainability will be necessary. Although there is a notable range of successful methods, opportunities to expand that range always remain and are worthy of exploration. This study pursues capacity building by testing a communication method variation that uses questions, audience participation, and metaphors intended to make the subject matter more easily understood and more permanently retained. An initial trial of the method was attempted with several groups of senior secondary students who were introduced to the ideas of sustainability during group and individual sessions. The students were surveyed before…


1 Introduction
1.1 Research Question
2 Methodology
2.1 Literature Review
2.2 Teacher Skills and Behaviors: Framework and Summary
2.2.1 Summary of Teacher Surveys
2.2.2 Framework of Teacher Skills and Behaviors
2.3 Preliminary Educational Research, Pilot Lessons
2.4 Hypotheses
2.5 Method of Communication
2.5.1 The Hook and Ladder method
2.5.2 The Next Loops
2.5.3 The Loop Dissected
2.5.4 Loops within Loops
2.5.5 The Method over the Course of a Curriculum
2.6 Educational Interventions
2.6.1 TIME Class: Session One Lesson Plans
2.6.2 TIME Class: Session Two Lesson Plans
3 Results
3.1 Survey questions and results from TIME sessions
3.1.1 Discussion of Session One Results
3.1.2 Discussion of Session Two Results
3.2 TIME Lesson Questions
3.3 Interview with IB III Student
4 Discussion
4.1 Checking for Delta in Knowledge
4.1.1 Delta in Knowledge
4.1.2 Metaphor Language in Responses
4.2 Question Lists
4.2.1 High Level and Low Level Questions
4.2.2 Discussion of Interview with IB III Student
4.3 Building Trust
4.4 Fatigue and anomie
4.5 Opportunities for study refinement
5 Conclusions/ Recommendations

Author: Saruhan Utku Araz, Michael Matulac, Aqib Muhammad

Source: Blekinge Institute of Technology

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