China is in the period with rapid development and great economics growth. Unsustainable development made China face the energy crisis and environmental problems. In the last two decades, over 100 industrial parks supported by the Chinese central government were built in over 20 provinces. And the number of the industrial parks supported by local governments (at the level of provinces and cities) is much higher. However, most of the industrial parks have not been systematically optimized with considerations of integrated solution with low energy consumption. On the other hand, since the introduction of the industrial ecology concept by Frosch and Gallopoulos in 1989, and the apparent success of the Kalundborg Industrial Symbiosis project, attention to planned eco-industrial park (EIP) development projects has grown all over the world. Furthermore, there are a great number of companies producing the solar energy equipment in China. This project is a feasibility study for the design of an industrial park with low energy consumption and energy integration between the manufacturing and residential buildings, which is supported by the Asia Pro Eco Program that aims to promote sustainable solutions for the environment between Europe and Asia. In this paper, the situation of EIP development in the world and China is introduced. By analyzing the EIP development and the situation of the industrial park in China, the solutions for China to gain the sustainable development are introduced. As the result, the feasibility study will focus on solar energy system that will be used in the Himin Industrial park. In this park, the solar energy is used to provide the energy for the district heating, hot water and air conditioning in the residential buildings and the workshops. Furthermore, the photovoltaic products can provide the electricity for the light in the workshop and the road lamp. Therefore, as the solar energy replaced the fossil fuel that provides heat by combustion, the park can decrease the consumption of the fossil fuel and reduce the environmental impact of industrial activity. At the same time, the cost on this industrial park will be much less than the generic industrial parks in China.
Author: Yang, Yi
Source: Luleå University of Technology
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