Politics on the Net: NGO practices and experiences

This research looks into just how various types of non-governmental organisations (NGOs), working in several national political contexts, view and use the Internet as a political space. The political space idea, as described here, includes 2 dimensions of Internet use: one external, where firms use the Web for online activism and campaigning, and another internal, signifying organisational use of the World wide web to promote engagement and interactivity with members and/or supporters. One more question raised is whether Internet use for political purposes by NGOs differs between different national political contexts. Furthermore, do the companies feel that the web has impacted their political influence to any extent…

Contents: Politics on the Net: NGO practices and experiences

1. Introduction
1.1 A political landscape in change
1.2 Politics on the Internet
1.3 Aim and research questions
1.4 Dissertation structure
2. A theoretical framework for ICTs, politics and NGOs
2.1 The development of the Internet
2.2 The relationship between technology and social change
2.3 The Internet as a political space
2.4 A public sphere online?
2.5 Social movements and NGOs as political actors
2.6 How can NGOs affect politics?
2.7 Is online activism as ‘valuable’ as ofl ine activism?
2.8 Four potential NGO approaches to Internet use
3. ICT use related to national political contexts
3.1 Approaching national political contexts
3.1.1 Political opportunity structures
3.1.2 Political culture
3.1.3 Social movement culture
3.2 Analysing national political contexts from an NGO perspective
3.3 Some characteristics of the American civil society context
3.4 Some characteristics of the Swedish civil society context
3.5 Internet use in Sweden and in the USA
3.6 Political cultures on the Internet? Discussio
4. Methodology and research design
4.1 Combined research methods and the critical realist approach
4.2 Research design
4.3 Data collection
4.3.1 A survey on online activism and campaigning on the Internet
4.3.2 Content analysis of NGO websites
4.3.3 Responsiveness test
4.3.4 A comparative survey on the Internet as a political space
4.3.5 Indexes for advocacy and interactivity
4.4 Validity and reliability of the research data
4.5 Research ethics
5. Internet use in political activism and campaigning
5.1 NGO background data
5.2 Internet use for political purposes
5.3 How do the NGOs value the Internet as a political space?
5.4 Barriers to increased Internet use
5.5 Variations in Internet use among different kinds of NGOs
5.5.1 NGO size and Internet use
5.5.2 NGO age and Internet use
5.6 Internet use in NGOs outside the Western hemisphere
5.7 Internet use for external political purposes – Discussion
6. Advocacy and interactivity on NGO websites
6.1 Categories included in the content analysis
6.1.1 Provision of baseline activites
6.1.2 Provision of core activities..

Source: Orebro University

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