Pseudevernia furfuracea is actually a shrubby lichen typically seen around the Baltic Sea. The lichen seems to reproduce usually by producing isidia, propagules of the lichen cortex. It is very morphologically and chemically different and is found on different substrates, for example
In every living cell, millions of different types of molecules constantly interact and react chemically in a complex system that can adapt to fluctuating environments and extreme conditions, living to survive and reproduce itself. The information required to produce these components is stored in the genome, which is copied in each cell division and transferred and mixed with another genome from parent to child.
The aim of this thesis has been to identify genes and gene regions underlying four different disorders. In papers I-IV, positional cloning methods, such as linkage, association and haplotype analysis have been used for the identification of genomic regions associated with the