The heat transfer in the filling phase of injection moulding is studied, based on Gunnar Aronsson’s distance model for flow expansion. The choice of a thermoplastic materials model is motivated by general physical properties, admitting temperature and pressure dependence.
Continuous casting is the dominating process to cast steel. Liquid steel is continuously fed from a tundish to a mould through a casting nozzle. The flow conditions in the mould are influenced by the flow pattern inside the casting nozzle as well