Lately the computation of emissions has become more crucial. The level of emissions of traffic can be determined making use of simulation models, to check out ex-ante the effects of certain measures. The majority of the appropriate models are microscopic simulation models.
Software plays an increasingly important role in modern safety-critical systems. Although research has been done to integrate software into the classical Probability Risk Assessment (PRA) framework, current PRA practice overwhelmingly neglects the contribution of software to system risk. The objective of this