Traffic Safety in Economic Development: A Case Study of the United Arab Emirates

Sustainable transportation is a growing concern as countries are developing world-wide and the issue affects people globally. In fact, transport may be the sector of human activity that presents the greatest challenges with respect to sustainable development” (OECD Conference 2002).

The transportation system is a growing concern as economic development progresses. It has become one of the major causes of air pollution as well as deaths world-wide. Hence, the transportation system is not a sustainable path in the world today. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a fast developing economy with poor traffic safety. Hence, the purpose of the thesis is to examine the relationship between economic development and traffic safety in the UAE. This is achieved with the support of the Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis, which indicates a positive relationship between economic development and road traffic fatalities initially…


1 Introduction
1.1 Purpose and Outline
2 Traffic Safety – A Global Issue
2.1 Motorisation
2.2 Costs of Traffic Accidents
2.3 Social and Equity Aspects
3 Theoretical Framework
3.1 Externalities
3.2 Kuznetz Curve Hypothesis
3.2.1 Motorisation and Economic Growth
3.2.2 Fatalities per Vehicle and Economic Growth
3.2.3 Motor Vehicle Fatality Rate and Economic Growth
3.3 Road Infrastructure
3.4 Institutional Theory
4 The United Arab Emirates
4.1 Economic Development
4.2 Road Infrastructure
4.3 Traffic Safety in the UAE
4.3.1 Issues of Traffic Safety
4.3.2 Traffic Safety Improvements
5 Empirical Analysis
5.1 Adjusted Theory
5.2 Data & Empirical Testing
5.2.1 Economic Growth & Fatalities
5.2.2 Economic Growth & Vehicles
5.2.3 Economic Growth & Fatalities per Vehicle
5.3 Results and Analysis
5.3.1 Results
5.3.2 Analysis of Regression Results
5.3.3 Analysis of Traffic Safety in the UAE
6 Conclusions
7 Further Studies

Author: Åhström, Lisa

Source: Jönköping University

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