The United Nations Security Council Reform: A Critical Approach

The world has been witnessing a significant transformation in the last three decades. The power of change, on the horizontal dimension, influences a very broad sphere. The range of change affects almost every aspect of human life varying from politics to economics, culture, identity, religion, state, society, etc. On the vertical dimension, its effects are also very broad. Especially with the impacts of globalization, the effects of change can be observed in the lowest level, such as even in a small village, and also in higher levels, such as in a particular society or international society.

Utilizing Critical Theory, through its neo-Gramscian and Frankfurt School dimensions, as the theoretical framework, this study aims to explain how the institutions, such as the United Nations, of an international system transform together with the structure – the international system. More specifically our aim is to explain the lack of transformation of only one body, the Security Council, of that specific institution, the United Nations…


Chapter I: Research Outline
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Definition of the Problem and Delimitation
1.3 Research Questions, Aims of the Thesis and Motivation
Research Questions
The Aims
1.4 Theoretical and Empirical Literature
1.5 Methodology
Research Strategy: Qualitative Research
Collection of Data
Analysis of Data
Chapter II: Theoretical Framework: Critical Theory
2.1 Explanatory Dimension
2.1.1 Neo-Gramscianism
2.1.2 Theoretical Tools Hegemony and World Orders Counter-Hegemony & Historic Bloc Structural Transformation/Change
2.2 Normative Dimension
2.2.1 Frankfurt School Critical Theory
2.2.2 Theoretical Tools (Global) Democracy (Global) Justice and Equality
2.3 Emancipatory Dimension
2.3.1 Neo-Gramscianism & Frankfurt School Critical Theory
2.3.2 Theoretical Tools Universal Emancipation
Chapter III: The Analysis of the UN Security Council Reform Debates
3.1 The Reform of the UN Security Council: A Brief Historical Overview
3.2 The Explanatory Analysis
3.3 The Normative Analysis
3.4 The Emancipatory Analysis
Chapter IV: Conclusion

Author: Yilmaz, Feyzullah

Source: Linköping University

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