Terrorism: And its connection to failed states

As a result of an increasing globalization the world has in a sense become ‘smaller’. We can today, through great technological advancements, communicate freely with people all over the world. Goods and services have increased to flow into the global market and corporations that used to be a source of national pride.

The many positive aspects of the phenomenon sometimes make us overlook the negative aspects of globalization. Just as economic markets and communication has moved beyond national borders one of the most negative aspects of society has also become global, namely terrorism. As terrorism has moved on to the global spectrum so has the prevention of terrorism. National governments that are trying to combat terrorism have begun to realize that problems that other nations are facing in another continent could eventually affect their national security. Other nation states that are experiencing state failure may become a national security risk. The aim of this thesis is to examine if global terrorist organizations take advantage of the many problems that a nation faces when it is subject to state failure…


1  Introduction
1.1  Problem
1.2  Purpose
1.3  Thesis question
1.4  Method
1.5  Structure
1.6  Limitations
2  Terrorism
2.1  Definition
State failure
3.1  Definition
3.1.1  Internal features
3.1.2  External features
3.2  Failed States Index
4  Presentation of case
4.1  al Qaeda
4.1.1  Osama bin Laden and the evolution of al Qaeda
4.1.2  Operational structure & tactics
4.1.3  Training
4.1.4  Financial structure
4.1.5  September 11th 2001
4.2  Afghanistan
5  Analysis, al Qaeda and Afghanistan
5.1  Delegitimization of state
5.2  Economy
5.3  Factionalized elite
6  Discussion
7  Conclusion
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Author: Holmgren, Johan

Source: Jönköping University

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