Self-assembly has surfaced as a promising way of fabrication of novel hybrid materials and nanostructures. The work offered in this dissertation has been centered on creating nanoscale materials based on synthetic de novo designed polypeptides. The polypeptides have been useful for the
Apatites are a diverse class of phosphate minerals that are important in a great variety of natural and industrial processes. They are, for example, used as raw material in fertiliser production and in the remediation of metal-contaminated soils. Hydroxyapatite Ca5(PO4)3OH, (HAP) and fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3F, (FAP) are similar to the biological apatite that is the main constituent of mammalian bone and teeth, and they are therefore promising materials for artificial bone and tooth implants.
The European Union Water Framework Directive (WFD), with initiatives to manage surface water resources, has increased the need for fast and inexpensive methods for monitoring conditions in streams. The objective of this thesis is to assess the potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)
The chemistry of mineral surfaces is of great importance in many different areas including natural processes occurring in oceans, rivers, lakes and soils. Manganese (hydr)oxides are one important group to these natural processes, and the thermodynamically most stable trivalent manganese (hydr)oxide, manganit
Infrared absorption coefficients of various gas and liquid fuels (propane, n-heptane, methanol, toluene, propylene and methyl methacrylate) were measured using high temperature Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) for a range of temperatures up to 1000 K in order to facilitate calculation of