Using GIS in Solid Waste Management Planning: A case study for Aurangabad, India

The environment is heading towards a potential risk due to unsustainable waste disposal. It is a sensitive issue which concerns about serious environmental problems in today’s world. The present situation of direct dumping of the waste without proper inspection and separation leaves a serious impact of environmental pollution causing a tremendous growth in health related problems. There has to be appropriate planning for proper waste management by means of analysis of the waste situation of the area. This paper would deal with, how Geographical Information System can be used as a decision support tool for planning waste management. A model is designed for the case study area in an Indian city for the purpose of planning waste management…


1. Introduction
1.1 General Preview
1.1.1 What is Solid Waste?
1.2 Contribution of GIS in SWM
1.3 Methodology
1.4 Conceptual Model
2. GIS model analysis
2.1 Model 1
2.1.1 City waste management background
2.1.2 Problems
2.1.3 Other problems due to poor SWM
2.1.4 GIS approach
2.1.5 Planning and management
2.1.6 Critical views
2.2 Model 2
2.2.1 Framework for waste collection system
2.2.2 Waste storage
2.2.3 Waste collection
2.2.4Waste collection methodology
2.2.5 Route Optimisation GIS model for transport of waste
2.2.6 Results and conclusion
2.2.7 Critical views
2.3 Model 3
2.3.1 Introduction
2.3.2 Methodology
2.3.3 First phase
2.3.4 Second phase
2.3.5 Results and discussion
2.3.6 Critical views
3. Existing SWM situation in Aurangabad city
3.1 Municipal SWM working pattern
3.2 Waste management situation
3.2.1 Waste bin description
3.2.2 Spread of waste around the bin
3.2.3 Situation in rainy season
3.2.4 Multiple handling of the waste
3.2.5 Manual handling of the waste
3.2.6 Open dumps
3.2.7 Recyclable waste situation
3.3 Problems due to mismanaged waste
3.3.1 Threat to Environmentally sensitive areas
3.3.2 Drawbacks in the existing waste management system
4. Data Collection
4.1 Data collection methodology
4.1.1 City and case study area maps
4.1.2 Land use data
4.1.3 Waste bin location data
4.1.4 Shop waste generation data
4.1.5 Limitations of the data
4.2 Interview
4.3 Questionnaire and discussion
4.3.1 Type of wastes
4.3.2 Storage of garbage
4.3.3 Recyclable waste
4.3.4 Convenient distance
5. Frame of guidelines
5.1 Economy criteria consideration
5.2 Flexibility in model
5.3 Identification of recyclable waste generating areas
5.4 Why recyclable waste is sold by the residents
5.5 Waste categorisation
5.6 Waste categorisation for shops
5.7 Difference in waste in Indian city and advanced countries
5.8 Rag pickers
5.8.1 How do rag pickers work?
5.8.2 Their contribution in waste management
5.9 Waste bin type
5.10 Land uses for consideration
5.11 Environmentally sensitive areas
5.12 Positive points of the proposed model
6. GIS workflow model
6.1 Primary data
6.2 Analysis
6.2.1 Inconvenience due to waste bin proximity
6.2.2 Convenient distance to bins for all users
6.2.3 Proximity from environmentally sensitive areas
6.2.4 Recyclable bins for buildings
6.2.5 Recyclable bins for shops
7. Model implementation on study area data and results
7.1 Model implementation on case study data and results
7.2 Discussion
7.3 Recommendations and future studies

Author: Shaikh, Moiz Ahmed

Source: Linköping University

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