The Importance of Human Capital in Export Performance

The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the effect of human capital in export. Human capital is here expressed as the number of employees in the private sector per municipality with university education of at least three years. Two regression models were tested with aggregated export value/municipality and export value per kilo/municipality as dependent variables. Human capital as well as the total accessibility to R&D was assumed to have a positive impact on the Swedish export performance. During the last decades many economists have attached great importance to education, knowledge and investments in R&D…


1 Introduction
1.1 The Importance of Human Capital in the Swedish Export Performance
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Outline
2 Human Capital- Development and Importance in Economic Theory
2.1 Human Capital and International Trade
2.1.1 Human Capital, Innovation Networks and Interaction
2.2 Human Capital in the Product Life Cycle
2.2.1 First Phase Characteristics- a certain type of regions
2.2.2 The link between import and export nodes
3 The Case of Sweden and the Importance of Human Capital
3.1 Human Capital as a Determining Factor of Swedish Export Performance
4 Empirical Analysis
4.1 Description of Variables
4.2 Regression Analysis
5 Conclusions and Suggestion for Future Research

Author: Gerdne, Therese

Source: Jönköping University

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