Human Rights In Islam: A Pluralistic Approach

Human rights as codified in international documents are claims every human being have by virtue of being a human. Meaning that every state must ensure, through its laws, that each individual is guaranteed these claims or rights equally. Islamic principles like other religions are obligations that its members (Muslims) must perform rather than claims. Therefore, it is possible that individual rights may not be respected within Islamic principles because, of the differences in their origin and emphasis, one is a claim and the other a duty of believers.The concern of violating rights of other people within Islamic law calls into attention how Islamic principles can be applied in a state while guaranteeing human rights as universal principles.This study discusses various approaches proposed by Muslim authors on how human rights can be justified in Islam. Since human rights are political concepts, in the sense that each state must ensure that human beings go about their life freely…


Chapter 1: Introduction- The Concept of Human Rights
1.1 Background
1.2 The problem
1.3 Organization and Overview
1.4 Method and Materials
Chapter 2: Justifying Human Rights in Islam
2.1 Islamizing view
2.2 Pragmatic view
2.3 Re-conceptualization view
2.4 Secularist View
2.5 Summary
Chapter 3: Controversial Human Rights Issues in Islam
3.1 Women Equality
3.2 Non-Muslim Minority
3.3 The Issue of Apostasy
3.4 Slavery
3.5 Implications of the Issues discussed
Chapter 4: Reforming Islamic Law
4.1 Why Reform is important in Islam
4.2 The Reform- Evolutionary Approach
4.3 Explaining the Content of the reform
4.4 Applying the Reform
4.5 Criticisms of the Reform
Chapter 5: Towards Overlapping Consensus on Rights in Islam
5.1 Explaining Rawls Overlapping Consensus
5.2 Justifying Rights in Islam
Chapter 6: Conclusion

Author: Zakaria, Aalhassan

Source: Linköping University

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