Migrant Worker: Commodity or Human?

In this report we will use peace and conflict theory to review the migrant worker issue in the Gulf States, emphasizing Indian construction laborers in the emirate of Dubai. Peace and conflict theory is found to give a missing point of view on the problem that is best realized in an interdisciplinary framework along with for example migration and development theory. Migrant workers’ vulnerability in the international free marketplace is discussed as well as the modern economic history of the Gulf region is talked about to describe today’s unique labour situation. Various regional and local parties to the conflict are uncovered to differentiate driving interests as well as their influence on the conflict. Put in a global perspective, a similar conflict system noticed in the Gulf are found throughout the world. They expose common practises of structural and cultural violence that could only be contested by a lively global civil society guided by truly cosmopolitan values.


1. Introduction
1.1 Problem Formulation
1.2 Research Questions and Delimitations
1.3 Sources and Material
1.4 Outline
2. Method and Theory
2.1 Method
2.2 Peace and Conflict Theory
2.3 Key Concepts
2.3.1 Capitalism
2.3.2 Globalisation and Cosmopolitans
2.3.3 Civil Society
2.3.4 The Gulf States
2.3.5 Migrant Workers
3. Background Analysis
3.1 The Unique Gulf Society
3.2 The Situation for Migrant Workers
3.2.1 Reasons for Leaving Home
3.2.2 Patriarchal Obstacles
3.2.3 Common Working and Living Conditions
3.2.4 Social Consequences
3.3 Why Asians?
3.3.1 The Descent of the Non-Gulf Arab Workers
3.3.2 The Preference for ―Pliable Workers
3.3.3 Enemy Images and Othering
3.4 Is there no Agency for Change?
3.4.1 Laws in the Host Countries
3.4.2 Sending Countries‘ Attitude
3.4.3 Workers = Victims?
4. Conflict Analysis
4.1 Actors
4.1.1 Gulf Actors
4.1.2 Sending Countries
4.1.3 Migrant Workers
4.1.4 Combining the Actors
4.2 Violence……….

Source: Malmo University

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