Motivation and Work -Investigation and Analysis of Motivation Factors at Work

Employees working hard in the direction of company goals and having a robust desire to remain in the organization are essential for the success of a organization. To be able to create such organizational commitment of the workers, the knowledge about what motivates and satisfies them is important.

Purpose: The purpose of this thesis (Motivation Analysis – Motivation Factors at Work) is to investigate and analyse the factors which motivate employees, under consideration of individual characteristics.

Limitation: Age, gender, marital status, work area, position and the years a person has been working in the company represent the individual characteristics examined in this study.

Realisation: Literature research as well as a practical survey consisting of mail questionnaires and personal interviews were carried out in order to best serve the purpose of this thesis.

Results: Skills, task identity, task significance, autonomy, feedback, environment, job security, and compensation are important  for motivation factors of employees. Taking into consideration the extent to which these factors are present at work and the employees’ satisfaction with this state…

Contents: Motivation Analysis – Motivation Factors

1.1 Background
1.2. Problem
1.3. Purpose
1.4 Limitations
1.5 The selected company
2.1 The research process – a short overview
2.2 Positivism vs. Hermeneutics
2.3 Quantitative and qualitative research
2.4 Collection of data
2.4.1 Secondary data
2.4.2 Primary data Questionnaire about motivation and work Interviews
2.5 Objectivity, reliability, validity, and criticism

Motivation Analysis – Motivation Factors
3.1 Motivation
3.2 Needs and expectations at work
3.2.1 Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
3.2.2 Broad classification for motivation to work
3.3 Job satisfaction
3.4 Work motivation theories
3.4.1 Hawthorne studies
3.4.2 Needs Hierarchy Theory
3.4.3 Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory
3.4.4 The Job Characteristics Model Conditions for internal motivation Job dimensions Moderators Outcomes of enriched work
3.4.5 Closing remarks on the Hawthorne studies, Maslow’s, Herzberg’s, Hackman and Oldham’s motivation theories
Motivation Analysis – Motivation Factors
4.1 Age
4.2 Gender
4.3 Marital status
4.4 White-collar/blue -collar worker
4.5 Leading/non-leading position
4.6 Years in the company
4.7 Similarities among the groups
4.7.1 Feedback
4.7.2 Job security
4.7.3 Task identity and autonomy
4.7.4 Environment
4.7.5 Benefits
4.8 External factors influencing the motivation of the employees

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Source: Linköping University

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