Leadership Style in Foreign Subsidiaries

This project mainly studies about the leadership theories and leadership style in Foreign Subsidiaries. The last decades have been characterized by an ongoing globalization process. Borders and barriers for trade between countries have disappeared or decreased. The objective of this research is to analyze and talk about if and how a manager’s role and leadership style is impacted by a foreign owner. As part of the talk the research will even look at the impact a foreign owner has on a subsidiary as per its leader. To achieve the objective of the research a qualitative technique is actually utilized. Telephone interviews of a semi structured character were conducted with 6 managers with leading positions within middle-sized and large-sized organizations…

Foreign owned subsidiaries are usually managed independently from within the parent businesses. Usually, the subsidiaries have independence to some extent determined by the frames that have been put in place by the parent corporation. Any larger cultural differences weren’t found, which may actually be a result of the subsidiaries’ independency. In conclusion, having a foreign owner don’t have a direct impact on the managers’ role and leadership style….

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1 Introduction
1.1 Background
1.2 Problem
1.2.1 Research questions
1.3 Purpose
1.3.1 Delimitation
1.4 Definitions
1.5 Outline
2 Frame of reference
2.1 Leadership
2.1.1 Leadership theories

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2.1.2 Leadership style
2.1.3 Leadership education
2.2 Strategy at the subsidiary
2.3 Structure at the subsidiary
2.3.1 The Matrix-structure
2.4 Culture
2.4.1 Communication
2.5 Hofstede’s four dimensions
2.5.1 Power distance
2.5.2 Uncertainty avoidance
2.5.3 Individualism-collectivism
2.5.4 Masculinity-femininity
2.5.5 Criticism of Hofstede
2.6 Scandinavian culture
2.6.1 Characteristics of the Scandinavians
2.6.2 Scandinavian leadership style
2.7 American culture
2.7.1 Activity- and work oriented society
2.7.2 Organizational structure and leadership style
2.8 European culture
2.8.1 Switzerland
2.8.2 The Netherlands
3 Method
3.1 Research design
3.1.1 Qualitative methods
3.2 Primary data collection
3.2.1 Sample selection
3.2.2 Qualitative interviews
3.3 Secondary data collection
3.4 Data analysis
3.5 Trustworthiness
4 Empirical Findings
4.1 Presentation of Scand I
4.1.1 Leadership style
4.1.2 Strategy and structure at the Swedish subsidiary
4.1.3 Culture
4.2 Presentation of Scand II
4.2.1 Leadership style
4.2.2 Strategy and structure at the Swedish subsidiary
4.2.3 Culture
4.3 Presentation of Amer I
4.3.1 Leadership style
4.3.2 Strategy and structure at the Swedish subsidiary
4.3.3 Culture
4.4 Presentation of Amer II
4.4.1 Leadership style
4.4.2 Strategy and structure at the Swedish subsidiary
4.4.3 Culture
4.5 Presentation of Euro I
4.5.1 Leadership style
4.5.2 Strategy and Structure at the Swedish subsidiary
4.5.3 Culture
4.6 Presentation of Euro II
4.6.1 Leadership style
4.6.2 Strategy and structure at the Swedish subsidiary
4.6.3 Culture
5 Analysis
5.1 Leadership
5.1.1 Leadership education
5.2 Strategy at the subsidiary
5.3 Structure at the subsidiary….

Source: Jönköping University

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