Increasing traffic congestion and a shortage of funds available to build new roads are forcing the transportation infrastructure to function at its maximum capacity. The limited road space available on congested urban street networks in major cities… Contents Chapter I: Introduction 1.1.
Economists have long been concerned with the externalities generated by automobiles, such as traffic congestion and air pollution. Since many of these externalities are closely bound up with the number of miles being driven, economists have been much interested in the behavior
The U.S. National Airspace System (NAS) is inherently highly stochastic. Yet, many existing decision support tools for air traffic flow management take a deterministic approach to problem solving. In this study, we focus on the flight departure delays because such delays serve