Multiferroic materials and systems that concurrently display ferroelectricity and magnetism have drawn great attention due to their amazing physical properties as well as their potential applications that use coupling of magnetism and ferroelectricity. The purpose of this report was to study multiferroic
In this study, we successfully fabricated dense, uniform, vertically aligned ZnO NWs on top of DLC films. The NWs’ length, diameter and separation distance were controllable by fine tuning the growth parameters and changing the DLC film deposition temperature… Contents Chapter 1.
The chemistry of mineral surfaces is of great importance in many different areas including natural processes occurring in oceans, rivers, lakes and soils. Manganese (hydr)oxides are one important group to these natural processes, and the thermodynamically most stable trivalent manganese (hydr)oxide, manganit