The common property of the difficulty situations fundamental to these examples is the desirability in every case for a person to conform to the pattern of behavior followed by the majority of individuals. If you assume the majority of individuals to drive
Alcoholics Anonymous encourages its members, people who have difficulties to control their alcohol consumption, to refrain from drinking on the basis of one day at the time. Meanwhile, we know that one more or one less drink will not determine whether a
This thesis concerns the interdisciplinary field of combinatorial auctions, combining the fields of computer science, optimization and economics. A combinatorial auction is an auction where many items are sold simultaneously and where bidders may submit indivisible combinatorial bids on groups of items.